Fractura de clavícula. Técnica mínimamente invasiva. [Minimally invasive approach for clavicular fractures]

Juan Martín Perrone, Eliana Petrucelli, Martín Balmaceda, Hugo Sarmiento, Guillermo Belluschi, Ángel Alberto Ferrando, Roberto Andreozzi

Resumen


Objetivo: Describir la técnica quirúrgica mínimamente invasiva con placa regional bloqueada para fracturas mediodiafisarias de clavícula y mostrar nuestros resultados clínicos y radiológicos.

Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó, en forma retrospectiva, a 15 pacientes (12 hombres y 3 mujeres, media de la edad, 32.4 años [rango 17-51]) con fractura de clavícula, tratados con reducción y osteosíntesis con placa superior bloqueada anatómica mediante una técnica mínimamente invasiva. Según la clasificación de Allman, 12 pacientes tenían fractura de clavícula tipo I y tres, de tipo II.

Resultados: El tiempo promedio de cirugía fue de 53 minutos (rango 51-65). Se logró la consolidación de todas las fracturas en un promedio de 13.3 semanas (rango 12-15). No hubo seudoartrosis ni consolidaciones viciosas. El puntaje promedio de Constant fue de 98 (rango 95-100). Todos los pacientes se manifestaron satisfechos con los resultados estéticos y funcionales.

Conclusiones: Este estudio demuestra que la técnica mínimamente invasiva para las fracturas mediodiafisarias de clavícula, utilizando placas regionales anatómicas bloqueadas superiores, puede ser un procedimiento reproducible y una alternativa a las técnicas quirúrgicas convencionales. Además, los resultados clínicos y radiológicos satisfactorios se obtuvieron sin complicaciones mayores y sin disestesias en la zona de la herida.

 

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To describe the minimally invasive locking plate approach for midshaft clavicular fractures and report our radiographic and clinical results.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated fifteen patients (12 men and 3 women, mean age: 32.4 years [range 17-51]) with clavicular fractures who underwent minimally invasive superior locking plate osteosynthesis and reduction. According to the Allman classification of clavicular fractures, 12 patients had a type I fracture, while 3 had a type II fracture.

Results: The average operating time was 53 minutes (range 51-65). Union was achieved in all patients in an average of 13.3 weeks (range 12-15). Patients were satisfied with cosmetic and functional results.

Conclusions: This study shows that the minimally invasive superior locking plate approach for midshaft clavicular fractures can be a reproducible procedure and an alternative to conventional surgical approaches. Clinical and radiological results were achieved without major complications or wound dysesthesia.

 


Palabras clave


Técnica mínimamente invasiva; fractura; clavícula; minimally invasive technique; fracture; clavicle

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15417/issn.1852-7434.2019.84.1.737

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Registro de la Propiedad Intelectual Nº 5353562 (en línea).

ISSN 1852-7434 (en línea).

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