Deslizamientos epifisarios femorales proximales >30º. Procedimiento de Dunn modificado. Evaluación anatómica y funcional en una cohorte retrospectiva. [Slipped capital femoral epiphysis >30º. Modified Dunn procedure. Anatomical and functional evaluation in a retrospective cohort]

Francisco Praglia, Daniel Visona Dallapozza, Jorge Sueiro, Eduardo Stefano

Resumen


Introducción

La deformidad residual resultante de un deslizamiento epifisario femoral proximal moderado o grave conduce a osteoartritis prematura debida al choque femoroacetabular. Los objetivos del trabajo fueron evaluar la mejoría de la anatomía del fémur proximal y evaluar la función de la cadera en pacientes con deslizamiento epifisario femoral proximal >30 grados tratados con el procedimiento de Dunn modificado, a corto plazo.

Material y Métodos

Cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con deslizamiento epifisario femoral proximal >30 grados, tratados con luxación controlada de cadera y el procedimiento de Dunn modificado. Se evaluaron mediciones clínicas y radiológicas preoperatorias y posoperatorias, hallazgos intraoperatorios y funcionalidad con los puntajes de Harris y de D’aubigne-Postel.

Resultados

Trece casos, mediana de edad 12 años y mediana de seguimiento 14 meses. El ángulo de deslizamiento de Southwick preoperatorio (75 grados, ri 67-85) y posoperatorio (10 grados, ri 5-17) mostró una disminución estadísticamente significativa (p <0,001). El offset radio cabeza-cuello preoperatorio (-0,13) versus el posoperatorio (0,12) obtuvo una mejoría significativa (p 0,002). El 69,2% de los pacientes presentó daño de alguna estructura intraarticular. Los puntajes promedio de funcionalidad fueron 14,6 (muy buena mejoría) y 83,4 (bueno). Complicaciones: necrosis avascular 15,3% y condrólisis 15,3%.

Conclusion

Esta técnica restaura la anatomía del fémur proximal y la funcionalidad de la cadera a corto plazo. aunque no disponemos de resultados a largo plazo, al menos en teoría, serían buenos. Sin embargo, la luxación controlada con Dunn modificado no está exenta de complicaciones y el riesgo de necrosis avascular y condrólisis persiste.


Palabras clave


deslizamiento espifisario femoral proximal; luxación controlada de cadera; procedimiento de Dunn modificado; slipped capital femoral epiphysis; surgical dislocation of the hip; Modified Dunn procedure

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15417/239

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